Women freedom fighters of India
Usha Mehta (March 25, 1920 – August 11,
Usha Mehta is remembered for broad casting the
Congress Radio, and called her the Secret Congress
Radio, an underground radio station, which was
functioned for few months during the Quit India
Movement of 1942.
She is also known as child leader as in 1928,
eight-year-old Usha participated in a protest
march against the Simon Commission and shouted
her first words of protest against the British
Raj: “Simon Go Back.” As a child,
she did not comprehend the significance of her
actions except that she was participating in a
movement to free her country under the leadership
of Gandhi. She and many other children participated
in morning protests against the British Raj and
picketing in front of liquor shops.
During the Quit India Movement, Usha quickly became
a leader. She moved from New Delhi to Mumbai,
where she hoisted the tricolor on August 9, 1942
at Gawalia Tank Ground.
3.8 Kasturba Gandhi (April 11, 1869 – February
Kasturba Gandhi, Mahatma Gandhi's wife worked
with him for many years. She was a leader of Women's
Satyagraha for which she was imprisoned. She helped
her husband in the cause of Indigo workers in
Champaran, Bihar and the No Tax Campaign in Kaira,
Gujarat. She was arrested twice for picketing
liquor and foreign cloth shops, and in 1939 for
participating in the Rajkot Satyagraha.
She many times took her husband's place when he
was under arrest.
Kasturba suffered from chronic bronchitis. Stress
from the Quit India Movement's arrests and ashram
life caused her to fall ill. After contracting
pneumonia, she died from a severe heart attack
on February 22, 1944. She died in Mahatma Gandhi's
arms while both were then in prison.
Kamala Nehru 1899–1936)
Nehru, Jawaharlal Nehru's wife gave full support
to her husband in his desire to work actively
for the freedom struggle. In the Nehru home
town of Allahabad, she organized processions,
addressed meetings and led picketing of liquor
and foreign cloth shops. She played a prominent
part in organizing the No Tax Campaign in United
Provinces (now Uttar Pradesh).
In the Non Cooperation movement of 1921, she
organized groups of women in Allahabad and propagated
use of khadi cloths. When her husband was arrested,
to prevent him delivering a "seditious"
public speech, she went in his place to read
it out. She was twice arrested by British authorities.
Kamala died from tuberculosis in Switzerland
while Jawaharlal Nehru’s was in prison.
She spent some time at Gandhi's ashram with
Vijaya Lakshmi Pundit (August 18, 1900 - December
She is the daughter of Motilal Nehru, was the
president of Congress and brother Jawaharlal
Nehru, India’s first Prime Minister. She
was inspired by Rani Lakshmi Bai of Jhansi and
impressed by Sarojini Naidu. She entered the
Non Co-operation Movement to fight against the
Vijaya Lakshmi Pundit represented India in many
of the conferences abroad. She attended numerous
public lectures and challenged the British dominated
delegate’s rights to represent India therein.
She was a great fighter and took parts in many
of the freedom movement .She was arrested in
1932 and sentenced to one year's rigorous imprisonment.
She was arrested in 1940 and yet again during
the Quit India Movement in 1942.
After a century
of revolutions, struggle, blood shedding, Sathyagrahas
and sacrifices, India finally achieved independence
on August 15, 1947. The Hindus, the Muslims, the
Sikhs, the Christian and all the other brave sons
and daughters of India fought shoulder to shoulder
to throw out the British.
Perhaps for the first and the only time in world
history, the power of a mighty global empire 'on
which the sun never set', had been challenged
and overcome by the moral might of a people armed
only with peace, ideals and courage.
Women shouldered critical responsibilities in
India's struggle for freedom. They held public
meetings, organized picketing of shops selling
foreign alcohol and articles, sold Khadi and actively
participated in National Movements. They bravely
faced the baton of the police and went behind
the iron bars. Hundreds and thousands of Indian
women dedicated their lives for obtaining freedom
of their motherland and only very few could include
in this essay due to space restriction.
• Freedom Fighters of India 4th Volume …..Edited
by M.G. Agrawal,
• Role of women in India's freedom struggle…
by V Rajendra Raju
• Women in India's Freedom Struggle…..by
Nawaz B Mody